IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

The Failure of Economic Nationalism. Central and Eastern Europe Before World War II

Listed author(s):
  • Ivan T. Berend
Registered author(s):

    [fre] L'échec du nationalisme économique : l'europe centrale et orientale avant la seconde guerre mondiale L'Europe centrale et orientale avait connu, avant 1914, l'échec de son effort d'industrialisation fondé sur l'exportation. Après la guerre, les pays de la région, dont la plupart venaient d'accéder à l'indépendance, se tournèrent vers le nationalisme économique. Le protectionnisme, associé à une politique ultra-interventionniste de l'État, permit de faire progresser la substitution aux importations, mais la croissance rapide se limitait aux industries de biens de consommation. L'autosuffisance était impossible, et la région devint partie intégrante du Grossraumwirtschaft hitlérien, puis de l'économie de guerre nazie durant les années 1930 et 1940. Une fois encore, l'industrialisation avait échoué : l'écart entre l'Est et l'Ouest demeurait toujours aussi grand. [eng] The export-led industrialization effort in pre-World War I Central and Eastern Europe failed. After the War the (mostly newly independent) countries of the region turned toward economic nationalism. Protectionism and aggressive state intervention helped import-substitution but led the rapid development only in consumer good industries. Self-sufficiency was impossible and the region became a part of Hitler's "Grossraumwirtschaft", then Nazi war economy during the 1930s and 1940s. Industrialization, again, failed and the gap between West and East remained as large as before.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 315-322

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_2_410517
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2000.410517
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_2_410517. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.