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Retraites par répartition et pouvoir électoral des retraités

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  • Georges Casamatta

Abstract

[fre] L'objectif de cet article est d'expliquer, dans le contexte actuel de vieillissement de la population, pourquoi les retraités arrivent à maintenir des niveaux de retraite élevés. L'argument développé repose sur le fait que le processus politique est essentiellement multidimensionnel. En effet, nous considérons le problème de la détermination collective de deux politiques. Le premier de ces choix est le taux de cotisation au système de retraite par répartition. Le second est un choix non éco­nomique, sans lien direct avec le système de retraite. À l'aide d'un modèle d'agence politique, nous montrons qu'à partir du moment où les retraités sont suffisamment nombreux, le taux de cotisation choisi est plus élevé que le taux préféré par les actifs, qui constituent pourtant la majorité des électeurs. [eng] In this paper, we explain why the old manage to obtain favourable pension policies whereas they belong to a minority in the population. The argument relies on the multidimensional nature of the political process. Indeed, we consider a two-dimensional collective choice problem. The first of these choices is the level of the contribution rate to the Pay-As-You-Go pension system. The second is a non eco­nomic decision, unrelated to the pension system. Using a political agency model, we show that, as soon as the retirees are sufficiently numerous, the equilibrium tax rate may be higher than the tax rate preferred by the young, who yet constitute a majority in the population.

Suggested Citation

  • Georges Casamatta, 2000. "Retraites par répartition et pouvoir électoral des retraités," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(1), pages 133-142.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_hos_51_1_410486
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2000.410486
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6479 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Stéphane Hamayon & Florence Legros, 2001. "Construction and Impact of a Buffer Fund within the French PAYG Pension Scheme in a Demo-Economic Model," CESifo Working Paper Series 531, CESifo Group Munich.

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