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L'importance de l'égalité du taux de profit moyen dans la solution du problème de la transformation. Une nouvelle approche d'équilibre général

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  • Jean-Guy Loranger

Abstract

[fre] L'importance de l'égalité du taux de profit moyen dans la solution du problème de la transformation. Une nouvelle approche d'équilibre général Le but de cet article est de démontrer que, même si la solution de Marx au problème de la transformation peut être modifiée, ses conclusions restent valables. La nouvelle solution qui est proposée est fondée sur la contrainte d'un taux de profit moyen commun aux deux espaces de valeur et un taux de salaire nominal qui est déterminé simultanément avec les prix. L'originalité consiste à affirmer que le taux de profit moyen est déterminé logiquement avant les prix par les quantités physiques et le taux d'exploitation. Notre solution est une alternative à celle de Marx, car elle transforme tous les coûts et maintient les deux contraintes macro et un taux général de profit commun aux deux espaces de valeur. [eng] The importance of the equality of the average profit rate in the solution to the transformation problem : a new general equilibrium approach The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that, even if Marx's solution to the transformation problem can be modified, his basic conclusions remain valid. The proposed alternative solution which is presented here is based on the constraint of a common general profit rate in both spaces and a money wage level which is determined simultaneously with prices. The originality here is to state that the average profit rate is logically determined prior to prices from physical quantities and the exploitation rate. This solution is an alternative to Marx's solution because it fully transforms the cost of production and maintains the two macro constraints and a general profit rate between the monetary and the labor value spaces.

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  • Jean-Guy Loranger, 1999. "L'importance de l'égalité du taux de profit moyen dans la solution du problème de la transformation. Une nouvelle approche d'équilibre général," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(2), pages 323-338.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1999_num_50_2_410078 Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1999.410078
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    1. Weintraub, E Roy, 1983. "On the Existence of a Competitive Equilibrium: 1930-1954," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 21(1), pages 1-39, March.
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