IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/reveco/reco_0035-2764_1998_num_49_5_410042.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Intégration économique, migrations et chômage

Author

Listed:
  • Manon Domingues Dos Santos

Abstract

[fre] Cet article étudie l'impact de la migration de la main-d'œuvre sur les taux de chômage locaux, sur le niveau général du chômage et sur le bien-être, lorsque les salaires sont négociés au sein de chaque entreprise. On considère deux régions dont le marché des biens est parfaitement intégré et concurrentiel. Ces régions se distinguent par la taille de leur population active, la productivité du travail, le pouvoir de négociation des salariés et le taux de recouvrement des allocations de chômage. Il est montré que la libre mobilité de la main-d'œuvre n'exclut pas une persistance de différentiels de taux de chômage. Les migrations peuvent aussi induire une diminution ou une augmentation du niveau général du chômage d'équilibre et accroître l'impact d'un choc technologique permanent sur celui-ci. De plus, si l'impact de l'ouverture des frontières sur le bien-être social reste condi­tionné par la valeur des paramètres, il est montré que la libre mobilité de la main-d'œuvre accroît, de façon univoque, le bien-être des agents les plus défavorisés. [eng] The aim of this article is to study the impact of labour migration on unemploy­ment rates differentials, on the aggregate level of unemployment and welfare, when wages are negotiated at the firm level. We considera two-region model. The good market is supposed to be perfectly integrated and competitive. The two regions differ about labour force level, labour productivity, workers' bargaining power and replacement ratio. It is shown that labour migration do not exclude persistant unemployment rates differentials. Moreover, labour mobility can increase or decrease the general level of unemployment at the equilibrium and increase the impact of a permanent technological shock on it. Futhermore, if the impact of labour mobility on social welfare depends on parameters, it always induces an increase in the welfare of the most disadvantaged people.

Suggested Citation

  • Manon Domingues Dos Santos, 1998. "Intégration économique, migrations et chômage," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 49(5), pages 1269-1292.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1998_num_49_5_410042
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1998.410042
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/reco.1998.410042
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/reco_0035-2764_1998_num_49_5_410042
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Manon Domingues Dos Dantos, 1999. "Le pouvoir équilibrant de l'émigration," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(3), pages 91-128.
    2. Raquel Fonseca, 2003. "On the Interaction between Unemployment and Inter-regional Mobility," CSEF Working Papers 105, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1998_num_49_5_410042. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/reco .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.