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La confiance : réalité ou illusion? Examen critique d'une thèse de Williamson

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  • Lucien Karpik

Abstract

[eng] Trust : reality or illusion ? A critical look at a Williamson's thesis. . For Williamson, the concept of trust is useless. Whenever a calculative approach is possible, and he believes it is for economic and social exchange in general with the exception of relations between family, friends and lovers, cooperation becomes self-sustaining because it is founded exclusively on the convergence of interests. My critical examination bears on the generality and the realism of the conditions under­lying this postulate namely the presence of a common calculative space and the existence of a shared observational world. It tends to show in particular that Williamson confuses calculation and judgment and, as a result, he fails to disqualify the use of the notion of trust for either social exchange or market relations. [fre] La confiance : réalité ou illusion ? Examen critique d'une thèse de Williamson. . Pour Williamson, la confiance est un concept inutile. Dès lors que la calculabilité est possible, et elle le serait pour l'ensemble de l'échange économique et social à l'exception des relations entre les proches, la coopération se soutient elle-même puisqu'elle est exclusivement fondée sur la convergence des intérêts. L'examen critique porte sur la généralité des conditions qui fondent cette proposition, à savoir la présence d'un espace de calcul commun et l'existence d'un univers d'observation commun. Il conduit à montrer, en particulier, que Williamson confond calcul et jugement et à conclure qu'il n'est parvenu à disqualifier l'usage de la notion de confiance ni pour l'échange social ni même pour les relations marchandes.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucien Karpik, 1998. "La confiance : réalité ou illusion? Examen critique d'une thèse de Williamson," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 49(4), pages 1043-1056.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1998_num_49_4_410030
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1998.410030
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