Commerce intra-firme, coûts de production aléatoires et barrières aux échanges
[eng] Intra-firm trade, production costs uncertainty and trade barriers Within a certainly context, T. Horst  has shown that trade-barriers (tariffs, transport costs...) indice, for a large number of technological situations, the existence of intra-firm trade. In this article, we analyse the impact of uncertainly about firms production costs on this Kind of trade. In particular, we show that, in this context, exports and production abroad may be complementary for multinational firms. [fre] Commerce intra-firme, coûts de production aléatoires et barrières aux échanges T. Horst  a montré que l'existence de barrières aux échanges (droits de douane, coûts de transport, etc.) justifie, en environnement certain, l'existence des échanges intra-firme et ce, pour un grand nombre de configurations technologiques. Dans cet article, on étend son analyse à un environnement incertain. En particulier, nous analysons l'influence de l'incertitude relative aux coûts de production sur l'existence et l'ampleur des échanges intra-firme. Nous montrons que, dans ce contexte, les exportations et la production à l'étranger des firmes multinationales peuvent être complémentaires.
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