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Structures urbaines et prix du sol

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  • Philippe J. Bernard

Abstract

[eng] At a time of overall expansion, the increase in urban land values is very rapid. The functional models of urban growth that have recently been built all stress accessibility to the centre. If one is to explain existing situations, such as for instance the differences in structure of U.S. and French cities, numerous other factors have to be brought info the picture ; the historical record, individual and group behaviour, town planning regulations, fiscal and transport policy in particular may be at play. More empirical research is needed. This ought to facilitate policy choices. [fre] A une époque de développement général, la hausse des prix du sol dans les villes est très vive. Les modèles fonctionnels de développement urbain proposés ces dernières années ont pour caractéristique commune de mettre l'accessibilité au centre en position dominante. Un grand nombre d'autres facteurs doivent être invoqués si l'on veut rendre compte des situations réelles, comme par exemple de l'opposition de structure entre villes américaines et françaises : l'expérience historique, les comportements individuels et de groupe, la réglementation foncière et fiscale et la politique des transports peuvent être en jeu. Un plus grand nombre de recherches empiriques devraient être entreprises. Les choix de politique en seraient facilités.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe J. Bernard, 1972. "Structures urbaines et prix du sol," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 23(1), pages 86-105.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1972_num_23_1_408011
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