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Le marché du faire-valoir indirect dans un contexte africain. Éléments d'analyse

  • Jean-Philippe Colin
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    [eng] The land lease market in an african ontext. a case study from Côte d'Ivoire - Based on an in-depth and long-run empirical investigation, this paper analyzes the land lease market in a village located in Lower Côte d'Ivoire. The first part of the paper deals with the conditions of emergence and development of contractual practices. It highlights the dramatic rise of the land tenancy market induced by the introduction of pineapple cultivation and a strong immigration flow, and it shows that this market is structured through a clear dichotomy between Burkinabé tenants and Ivorian landowners. The second part of the paper explores the issue of the enforcement of contractual arrangements, showing that the informal character of the contracts does not hamper the lease market dynamics. The last section deals with the incidence of the tense inter-ethnic relationships on tenancy practices and with the project of some actors to provoke an ethnic segmentation of the lease market by refusing to lease land out to Burkinabé pineapple growers or by restricting their contractual choice. [fre] À partir d'une investigation empirique réalisée dans la durée, cet article propose une analyse des conditions de développement et du fonctionnement du marché du faire-valoir indirect dans un village de basse Côte d'Ivoire, selon trois lignes directrices. La première traite des conditions d'émergence et de développement des pratiques contractuelles agraires, en faisant apparaître l'essor remarquable du marché locatif induit par l'introduction de la culture de l'ananas et une forte immigration, ainsi qu'une forte dichotomie, sur ce marché, entre des tenanciers burkinabé et des propriétaires fonciers ivoiriens. La seconde explore la question de l'exécution des engagements contractuels en montrant que le caractère informel des pratiques contractuelles ne nuit en rien au dynamisme de ce marché. La dernière évoque l'incidence, sur les pratiques contractuelles, des relations inter-ethniques tendues et du projet de certains acteurs d'aller vers une segmentation ethnique du marché du FVI en cessant de louer des terres aux Burkinabé.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ecoru.2004.5492
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecoru_0013-0559_2004_num_282_1_5492/ecoru_0013-0559_2004_num_282_1_5492.pdf?mode=light
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 282 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 19-39

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2004_num_282_1_5492
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2004.5492
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecoru

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