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Les régions, acteurs des politiques agricoles. Analyse comparée en Bavière et Schleswig Holstein

  • Aurélie Trouvé
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    [fre] La régionalisation des politiques agricoles européennes est souvent considérée comme une alternative possible à la crise du secteur agricole. Il est dès lors intéressant de se pencher sur ses fondements et ses modalités. Nous posons ici la question de la capacité d'adaptation des régions que permet une décentralisation croissante des politiques agricoles européennes. Plus précisément, nous identifions, à travers une grille de lecture, les poids relatifs des facteurs régionaux et supra-régionaux de différenciation et d'évolution des aides agricoles régionales. Nous mettons en évidence des marges de manœuvre différenciées des régions, qui s'expliquent en premier lieu par l'importance relative des ressources budgétaires, mais aussi par les systèmes productifs régionaux et la configuration institutionnelle. Une hypothèse peut alors être émise sur la structuration du territoire européen en zones identifiées selon leurs capacités de financement et situées entre deux extrêmes : les régions riches soutenant fortement leur activité agricole à travers la notion de multifonctionnalité de l'agriculture, et les régions pauvres où cette activité est laissée au libre-jeu du marché faute de moyens budgétaires régionaux. Pour étayer la démonstration, nous nous appuyons sur une étude de cas dans les régions allemandes de Bavière et de Schleswig Holstein. [eng] Regions: economic pla yer in agricultural policies comparative analysis between Bavaria and Schleswig Holstein - The régionalisation of agricultural policies maybe regarded as a possible alternative to resolve the crisis of the agricultural sector. Thus, is it interesting studying its terms and basis. In this paper we ask ourselves about the regional capacity of adaptation, which is allowed by the increased decentralisation of European agricultural policies. More precisely, thanks to a reading schedule, we identify the relative weights of regional and supra-regional factors, which influence the differentiation and the evolution of the regional agricultural aids. We underlie different regional rooms for manœuvre. These rooms are first explained by the relative level of financial resources and also by regional productive systems and institutional configurations. Finally, it is hypothesized that the European territory is going to structure into specialized areas, that are identified by their financing capacities. Regions may range between two extremes : either rich regions supporting strongly their agricultural activity by emphasising its "multifunctionality", either poor regions who let free market regulate their agricultural activity because of a lack of financial resources. This analysis relies on a case study in Bavaria and Schleswig Holstein, in Germany.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 282 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 3-18

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2004_num_282_1_5491
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2004.5491
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