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Innovation, coopération inter-entreprises et politique de la concurrence

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  • Jean-Luc Gaffard
  • Michel Quéré

Abstract

[fre] L'objectif de cet article est de contraster deux approches différentes des relations entre innovation et concurrence, l'une, traditionnelle qui met l'accent sur l'existence d'une structure optimale, l'autre qui retient l'exigence de viabilité des processus d'innovation. Il montre que les conditions de viabilité ne peuvent pas être réduites au fait d'imposer une structure de marché particulière. Les conditions de coordination permettent à la fois le démantèlement des structures de marché existantes et la stabilisation de la nouvelle. Cette dernière ne peut pas être dessinée a priori, mais seulement en relation avec le processus de changement lui-même. Elle sera différente suivant la manière dont la coordination prend place. Par voie de conséquence, la politique de la concurrence, plutôt que d'imposer une structure de marché présumée optimale, devrait consister à comparer différents arrangements organisationnels au regard des exigences de viabilité. [eng] Innovation, inter-firms co-operation and competition policy - This paper aims at contrasting two different approaches of the relations between innovation and competition. The traditional one focuses on the existence of an optimal structure and the other focuses on viability requirements. It shows that viability conditions cannot be reduced to the enforcement of a specific market structure. Co-ordination conditions allow both the dismantlement of existing market structures and the stabilisation of new ones. The latter cannot be defined a priori, but only in relation with the process of change itself. It will be different according to the way co-ordination takes place. As a consequence, rather than enforcing a presumed optimal structure competition policy should consist in comparing different organisational arrangements with respect to viability requirements.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Luc Gaffard & Michel Quéré, 2003. "Innovation, coopération inter-entreprises et politique de la concurrence," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 277(1), pages 152-166.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_277_1_5444
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5444
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