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Pratiques paysannes de la multifonctionnalité Nordeste brésilien et Nouvelle-Calédonie

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  • Eric Sabourin
  • Marcel Djama

Abstract

[eng] Peasants practices of multifonctionnality. Two no european cases: northeast of brazil and new Caledonia - This paper considers how multifunctional aspects of agriculture still remains in countries where public or private resources allocation for multifonc- tionality are not available. After discussing the problems raised by supporting multifonctionality as a national policy in many developing countries, it investigates the way multifonctionality works at the community level. Examples from peasants communities in Brazil and New Caledonia are analysed to illustrate the social, environmental, but also economical integration capacity of non market relationship, generally governed by reciprocity rules. They illustrate, on a local level, the apprehension of agriculture as a public good. [fre] L'article concerne l'agriculture des pays où existent des limites à l'allocation de ressources et au recours au marché pour rémunérer d'autres éléments que la production agricole. Le changement d'échelle dans l'analyse de la multifonctionnalité permet d'observer comment les pratiques des agricultures familiales, au Brésil et en Nouvelle-Calédonie, témoignent de la capacité d'intégration, sociale, environnementale, mais aussi économique des prestations non marchandes souvent régies par des règles de réciprocité. Cette approche permet de préciser, au niveau local, l'appréhension de l'agriculture comme un bien public.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Sabourin & Marcel Djama, 2003. "Pratiques paysannes de la multifonctionnalité Nordeste brésilien et Nouvelle-Calédonie," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 273(1), pages 120-133.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_273_1_5394
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5394
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