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L'État face à la répartition de ressources publiques entre entreprises. Un éclairage à partir des théories de la justice

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  • Alexia Leseur

Abstract

[fre] Cet article cherche à éclairer le problème de la distribution de ressources publiques (permis d'émission négociables ou aides directes aux agriculteurs) entre entreprises à partir des théories de la justice distributive, branche de la philosophie morale qui propose des règles de répartition équitable de biens entre des individus. Nous expliquons d'abord en quel sens l'entreprise peut être considérée comme une entité morale, puis nous présentons les principaux courants, en insistant sur les caractéristiques de l'individu que chacune met en valeur. Il en ressort que la responsabilité est la notion centrale; c'est à partir de cette notion que la transposition entre individus et entreprises devra être abordée. [eng] This article tries to clarify the debate on allocation of public resources (tradable permits or subsidies to farmers) among firms with the help of theories of justice developed in moral philosophy; the latter suggest different rules of "equitable" allocation of goods between individuals. We firstly make the point that a firm can be considered as a moral entity beyond individuals involved. We present the main theories, insisting on the individual's characteristics that each enhances. Responsibility appears to be the key point for any transposition of these views on equity between individual and firm.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexia Leseur, 2002. "L'État face à la répartition de ressources publiques entre entreprises. Un éclairage à partir des théories de la justice," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 271(1), pages 21-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_271_1_5339
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2002.5339
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