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Le cycle des profits en économie agro-alimentaire: comparaison internationale

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  • Julia Körner
  • Christoph Weiss

Abstract

[fre] Dans le cadre de l'approche structure-conduite- performance, cet article analyse les facteurs déterminants et le caractère cyclique des profits de différentes branches du secteur agro-alimentaire en Allemagne, aux usa ainsi qu'aux Pays-Bas. La variation des profits dans le temps donne, pour une structure de marché donnée, des indications sur l'intensité de la concurrence et donc sur le comportement des entreprises. Les résultats de l'analyse économétrique d'un panel montrent des variations pro-cycliques des profits en Allemagne dans des branches extrêmement concentrées alors que l'ampleur des variations dans les branches à faible concentration en Allemagne ainsi que dans toutes les branches aux États-Unis est faible. En Allemagne, les observations indiquent une augmentation de l'intensité de la concurrence en période de récession. L'estimation des modèles économétriques appliqués aux Pays-Bas donne des résultats insatisfaisants. [eng] Based the structure-conduct-performance-approach the present paper analyses determinants of price-cost-margins over the business cycle for food industries in Germany, the usa as well as the Netherlands. Controlling for market structure variables, cyclical fluctuations in profitability are interpreted as evidence for changes in firm behaviour. The econometric panel data models reveal pro-cyclic fluctuations of profits on highly concentrated industries in Germany. In contrast, profitability in competitive industries in Germany as well as in all US-food industries are found to be more stable over the business cycle. This observation is explicable in terms of a more aggressive behaviour of firms in boom periods. The econometric model does not adequately explain industry differences in profitability in the Netherlands.

Suggested Citation

  • Julia Körner & Christoph Weiss, 2002. "Le cycle des profits en économie agro-alimentaire: comparaison internationale," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 268(1), pages 130-143.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_268_1_5318
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2002.5318
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