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Réforme de l'agriculture de l'ex-Union Soviétique : une vue globale

Author

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  • Dominique Van der Mensbrugghe
  • Ian Goldin
  • Sébastien Dessus

Abstract

[eng] Reform of post-soviet agriculture : a global point of view . Using a global agricultural applied general equilibrium model, this paper analyses the consequences of several scenarios of agricultural reform in the former Soviet Union. In increasing order of sequencing, the scenarios include first, price reform, followed by a reduction of waste in agricultural production, and lastly, an increase in agricultural productivity. With increasing orders of magnitude as each reform is implemented, these reformes lead in general to a reduction in world agricultural prices, a decrease in the former Soviet Union's agricultural imports, a concomitant decrease in agricultural exports of the OECD and some of the key non-OECD agricultural exporters, a reduction of agricultural budgets in the OECD, and a significant increase in welfare in the former Soviet Union. [fre] Cet article analyse les conséquences de réformes possibles de l'agriculture de l'ex-Union Soviétique, à l'aide d'un modèle global d'équilibre général appliqué. Ces scénarios de réformes intègrent d'abord la réforme des prix, cumulée ensuite à la diminution des pertes de la production agricole, pour enfin simuler une amélioration de la productivité jointe aux deux premières réformes. Chacune de ces réformes entraîne une réduction des prix agricoles mondiaux, une diminution des importations agricoles de l'ex-URSS, une diminution des exportations agricoles de l'OCDE et des principaux autres exportateurs du reste du monde. Les budgets des pays de l'OCDE consacrés à l'agriculture sont réduits et le revenu réel en ex-URSS s'accroît.

Suggested Citation

  • Dominique Van der Mensbrugghe & Ian Goldin & Sébastien Dessus, 1993. "Réforme de l'agriculture de l'ex-Union Soviétique : une vue globale," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 214(1), pages 20-25.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1993_num_214_1_4522
    DOI: 10.3406/ecoru.1993.4522
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1993.4522
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    Cited by:

    1. Hinojosa-Ojeda, Raul A. & Robinson, Sherman & De Paolis, Fernando, 1999. "Regional integration among the unequal: a CGE model of NAFTA and the Central American republics," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 235-292.

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