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La fîlière viande bovine, dans ses rapports avec l'élevage : types d'entreprises, concurrence, évolution à long terme

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  • J.F. Soufflet

Abstract

[eng] The analysis of beef marketing and cattle farming trades, and of their evolution, points out the duality between the producing system, and the marketing system. . As a result of the long run evolution and of regional specificities, different kind of dealers appeared : fattener-dealers, selection-dealers, young calves-dealers..., all sorts of enterprises corresponding to needs of the farmers, which enter sometimes in conflict. . In this perspective, the so-called « modernization » of the beef and cattle marketing system is essentially the rising of new form of enterprises, corresponding to the new needs of an important group of rapidly specializing breeders. But this very apparent changing must not hide another part of the reality: the whole system, and its agents, has been changing and modernizing. . On account of the diversity of breeding and farming structures, the « modern » forms have not a universal value ; other forms, traditionnal but modernized, of trade have their place to day. [fre] L'analyse, en termes relationnels, des métiers de l'élevage et de la viande, et de leur évolution, montre la dualité qui existe entre système productif et système d'échanges. . Au fil du temps et en fonction des spécificités régionales, sont apparus, au sein de l'élevage, des marchands- emboucheurs, des marchands-sélectionneurs, des ramasseurs de petits veaux..., formes diverses d'entreprises répondant aux besoins d'échanges, parfois conflictuels, des éleveurs. . Dans cette optique, ce qu'on appelle « modernisation » de la filière viande bovine apparaît surtout comme l'émergence de nouvelles formes (centres d'insémination, SICA, groupements de producteurs...) répondant aux besoins nouveaux, mais vraisemblablement spécifiques, d'une importante frange d'éleveurs en voie de rapide spécialisation. . Ce mouvement très apparent ne doit cependant pas occulter une autre réalité : l'ensemble du système et de ses agents s'est modernisé. . Compte tenu des diversités actuelles de l'élevage bovin et de ses structures productives, d'une part, des caractéristiques de la consommation, d'autre part, les formes dites modernes n'ont sans doute pas valeur universelle. Des formes commerciales et artisanales traditionnelles modernisées ont encore leur place aujourd'hui.

Suggested Citation

  • J.F. Soufflet, 1983. "La fîlière viande bovine, dans ses rapports avec l'élevage : types d'entreprises, concurrence, évolution à long terme," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 158(1), pages 51-60.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1983_num_158_1_3011
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1983.3011
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