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Le partage de l'instabilité et les échanges mondiaux. Une méthode d'analyse et son application au blé, aux céréales secondaires et au sucre

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  • J.M. Debois
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    [fre] Le présent article concerne l'instabilité observée dans l'économie mondiale du blé, des céréales secondaires et du sucre au cours de la décennie 1970. Une méthode de décomposition des instabilités de production nationales permet d'abord de répartir leur diffusion entre les utilisations intérieures (absorption) et les échanges (rejet) dans une sélection de pays. Transposée sur le plan mondial, elle situe ensuite la performance relativedes mêmes paysencequi concerne leur part d'absorption de l'instabilité de production mondiale agrégée. Contrairement à la plupart des études axées sur la stabilisation des prix internationaux, l'analyse révèle l'absence d'une correspondance systématique entre le degré d'absorption interne de l'instabilité de production nationale et la part qu'un pays assume du fardeau de l'instabilitéde production mondialeagrégéeou, inversement, entre le rejet de l'instabilité de production nationale et la déstabilisation internationale. [eng] This article analyses the instability observed in the world wheat, coarse grains and sugar economies in the seventies. By means of a decomposition method, the dissemination of domestic production instability into internal utilization adjustment (absorption) and trade variation (rejection) is first assessed for selected countries. Applied at the world level, such a decomposition permits next to evaluate the relative share taken by thesame countries in the burden of world-pooled production instability. Unlike most studies dealing with world price stabilization, the analysis shows no systematic relationship between the extent of domestic absorption of national production instability and the sharing of world production instability or, conversely, between domestic burdenshifting and international destabilization.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 156 (1983)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 18-26

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1983_num_156_1_2980
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1983.2980
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