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Les avenirs possibles de la politique agricole commune

  • Adrin Zeller
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    [eng] H is possible to individualise the major problems of which the agriculture of the ten european countries will be confronted and to indicate the possible alternative politics. The adoption of U.K. of the community system instead of the «deficiency payments » is not a major change, as the two systems are based on the same fondamental criterias. The price-policy will change with the enlargement (p. ex. relations in prices cereals/beaf) but the existing interest will be more different than in a Europe of Six. . The traditional « compromises » will they be replaced by an economic policy of agricultural prices ? The enlarged Community could very well, now and then, be divided into several zones of markets and prices in relation to future monetary troubles. . The traditional principe of free-competition will be faced on a hard test in the necessity of avoiding the desertion of peripheral regions and by the Hill farming policy in Britain. Certain controled aspects of the Mansholt-plan are opposed to the liberal tradition of english agricultural policy. Finally, the enlargement will change the conditions of dialogues of the European agriculture with other agricultural blocs in the world. [fre] L'auteur se propose d'individualiser les problèmes majeurs auxquels sera confrontée l'agriculture de l'Europe des Dix et d'indiquer les politiques alternatives possibles. L'adoption par le Royaume-Uni du système communautaire au détriment des «deficiency payments» n'est pas capitale, étant donné que les deux systèmes sont basés sur le même critère fondamental. La politique des prix devra changer avec l'élargissement (par exemple rapport de prix céréales/bovins), mais les intérêts en présence seront encore plus divergents que dans l'Europe des Six. . Les traditionnels « compromis » seront-ils remplacés par une politique « économique » des prix agricoles ? Des perturbations monétaires sont à attendre à l'avenir et la Communauté élargie pourrait bien comporter, avec des éclipses, plusieurs zones de prix et de marché. . Le principe traditionnel de libre-concurrence sera mis à rude épreuve par la nécessité d'éviter la désertification des régions périphériques et par la politique de soutien au Hillfarming britannique. Certains aspects dirigistes du Plan Mansholt s'opposent à la tradition plus libérale de la politique agricole anglaise. Enfin, l'élargissement va transformer les conditions du dialogue de l'Europe agricole avec les autres ensembles agricoles du monde.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 92 (1972)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 89-95

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1972_num_92_1_2182
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1972.2182
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