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Les normes constituent-elles des incitations à innover pour les éco-industries? Une approche en termes de décision

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  • Christian Poncet
  • Jean-Michel Salles

Abstract

[eng] Environmental standards and the technologies that allow complying with them are taken in a more or less well co-ordinated coevolutionary process. This paper proposes a formalised approach of the choice of an industrial executive facing the possible emergence of new standards who has to decide if he launches a R&D programme, which aims at making available an innovative environmentally sounded technology. The impact of the occurrence probabilities of the new standard and of the R&D programme success, and its achievment time influence the decision to enter it (measured by the model) and, indirectly, the type of innovation in the field of environmental services (few specific innovations and most technology transfers from other industrial sectors). [fre] La réglementation environnementale et la production de techniques permettant de s'y conformer en continuant à satisfaire la demande des consommateurs finaux, coévoluent de façon plus ou moins bien coordonnée. Cet article propose une représentation formalisée de la situation de choix d'un industriel qui, face à l'éventualité d'apparition de normes plus exigeantes, doit décider s'il doit lancer un programme de R&D visant à la mise au point d'une technologie innovante à finalité environnementale. L'influence des probabilités d'occurrence des nouvelles exigences réglementaires et de succès du programme, ses délais de réalisation influent sur la décision de s'y engager (mesure par un modèle) et, indirectement, sur le type d'innovation en matière de service d'environnement (peu d'innovations spécifiques et domination des transferts de techniques d'autres secteurs industriels).

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Poncet & Jean-Michel Salles, 1998. "Les normes constituent-elles des incitations à innover pour les éco-industries? Une approche en termes de décision," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 83(1), pages 147-165.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1998_num_83_1_1705 Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1998.1705
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Adel Ben Youssef & Ludovic Ragni, 1998. "Jeux de politique environnementale: une approche en termes de lobbying," Post-Print halshs-00998290, HAL.
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    3. Jonathan Eaton & Gene M. Grossman, 1986. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(2), pages 383-406.
    4. Ulph, Alistair, 1996. "Environmental Policy and International Trade when Governments and Producers Act Strategically," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 265-281, May.
    5. Bulow, Jeremy I & Geanakoplos, John D & Klemperer, Paul D, 1985. "Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(3), pages 488-511, June.
    6. Damania, D., 1996. "Pollution Taxes and Pollution Abatement in an Oligopoly Supergame," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 323-336, May.
    7. Carraro, Carlo & Siniscalco, Domenico, 1992. "The international dimension of environmental policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(2-3), pages 379-387, April.
    8. Conrad Klaus, 1993. "Taxes and Subsidies for Pollution-Intensive Industries as Trade Policy," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 121-135, September.
    9. Simpson, R. David & Bradford, Robert III, 1996. "Taxing Variable Cost: Environmental Regulation as Industrial Policy," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 282-300, May.
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