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Les normes constituent-elles des incitations à innover pour les éco-industries? Une approche en termes de décision

  • Jean-Michel Salles
  • Christian Poncet

[eng] Environmental standards and the technologies that allow complying with them are taken in a more or less well co-ordinated coevolutionary process. This paper proposes a formalised approach of the choice of an industrial executive facing the possible emergence of new standards who has to decide if he launches a R&D programme, which aims at making available an innovative environmentally sounded technology. The impact of the occurrence probabilities of the new standard and of the R&D programme success, and its achievment time influence the decision to enter it (measured by the model) and, indirectly, the type of innovation in the field of environmental services (few specific innovations and most technology transfers from other industrial sectors). [fre] La réglementation environnementale et la production de techniques permettant de s'y conformer en continuant à satisfaire la demande des consommateurs finaux, coévoluent de façon plus ou moins bien coordonnée. Cet article propose une représentation formalisée de la situation de choix d'un industriel qui, face à l'éventualité d'apparition de normes plus exigeantes, doit décider s'il doit lancer un programme de R&D visant à la mise au point d'une technologie innovante à finalité environnementale. L'influence des probabilités d'occurrence des nouvelles exigences réglementaires et de succès du programme, ses délais de réalisation influent sur la décision de s'y engager (mesure par un modèle) et, indirectement, sur le type d'innovation en matière de service d'environnement (peu d'innovations spécifiques et domination des transferts de techniques d'autres secteurs industriels).

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 83 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 147-165

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1998_num_83_1_1705
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1998.1705
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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