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Insertion dans le commerce international et performances sectorielles : une étude sur l'emploi industriel dans la région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Listed author(s):
  • Guéliffo Hountondji
  • Christian Longhi

[fre] L'objet de cet article est d'étudier les relations existant entre échanges internationaux et performances des entreprises industrielles régionales (identifiées ici au taux de création d'emplois industriels) au moyen de modèles de concurrence sectorielle. Les firmes sont supposées appartenir à des branches oligopolistiques et leurs résultats dépendre des caractéristiques structurelles des branches, des conditions de production, de la rentabilité et de leur insertion dans les échanges ; les modèles sont appliqués à l'évolution de l'emploi industriel dans la région P.A.C.A. Il apparaît que la relation prévisible entre échanges internationaux et performances sectorielles ne peut être directement quantifiée. Néanmoins, le recours à une analyse discriminante a permis d'établir que la partition des branches industrielles en classes de performances en matière de « création » d'emplois est largement déterminée par leur mode d'insertion dans le commerce international. [eng] The aim of this paper is to study the relations between international trade and regional firms performances (represented here by industrial employment rate of growth) with sectorial competition models. Assuming that regional firms belong to oligopolistic industries and that their results depend on structural features of these industries, on their conditions of production, profitability and position in external exchange ; the models are applied to the evolution of industrial employment in PACA. The foreseable relationship between international exchange and sectorial performances appears, for different reasons, impossible to be econometrically quantified. But, discriminant analysis prove that the partition of industries in different classes of performance relating to employment is explained by their position in international trade.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 50 (1989)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 57-72

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1989_num_50_1_2263
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1989.2263
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