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Évolution du marché pétrolier et nouveau partage de la rente pétrolière

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  • Jean-Claude Werrebrouck

Abstract

[eng] The aim of this article is to show that if the two oil revolutions in the 70's can be analyzed as a redeployment of revenue or as a revolt by the owners of the oil fields, the 80's could result in an opposite situation, that is this period could lead to a massive monopolization of oil revenue by the consumer countries. This new monopolization is not interpreted as being the result of a recycling, or inflation or of various restrictive practices detrimental to the producer countries. In this article, this new monopolization is percieved on the basis of crude oil price movement. This thesis is developed using previous studies which showed the differential character of oil revenues which were essentially built-up after the first world war and whose instable sharing opposes four economic agents : the producer states, the oil companies, the consumer states and the consumers themselves. These developments are fixed within certain limits and hypotheses as specified above. [fre] L'objectif de cet article est de montrer que si les deux crises pétrolières des années 70 pouvaient être analysées comme un redéploiement de revenu ou une révolte de propriétaires fonciers, les années 80 pourraient correspondre à un réacaparement massif de la rente par les États consommateurs. Ce réacaparement n'est pas ici interprété comme résultant du recyclage, de l'inflation ou de pratiques restrictives quelconques au détriment des pays producteurs. À l'inverse dans cet article le redéploiement de rente est examiné par le biais d'un mouvement de prix. La thèse est développée en utilisant des études antérieures qui ont montré le caractère différentiel d'une rente qui s'est construite principalement après la première guerre mondiale et dont le partage instable oppose quatre agents : les États producteurs, les compagnies pétrolières, les États consommateurs est les consommateurs eux-mêmes. Les développements s'élaborent à l'intérieur de certaines limites et hypothèses dégagées en début de texte.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Claude Werrebrouck, 1985. "Évolution du marché pétrolier et nouveau partage de la rente pétrolière," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 34(1), pages 86-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1985_num_34_1_2167
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1985.2167
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