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Conditions de la politique industrielle aux États-Unis

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  • Bertrand Bellon

Abstract

[fre] Les États-Unis ont une politique industrielle lourde : 140 milliards de dollars annuels en équipements militaires, 100 milliards en aide directe à l'industrie; 50 milliards en politique industrielle régionale. Mais ces chiffres ne sont que l'addition de quelques dizaines de milliers de décisions atomisées et souvent contradictoires. L'article présente d'abord les grandes lignes des aides fédérales à l'industrie américaine avant d'analyser le point de vue des principaux partenaires dans un débat qui n'est pas seulement idéologique ou électoral mais qui conditionne l'avenir de la compétitivité mondiale de l'industrie de ce pays. [eng] The U.S. has no coherent industrial policy but its public support of business is substantial : 140 billions dollars per year for military equipment ; 100 billions for federal direct supports; 50 billions for States supports. These expenditures, however, are not the result of a unified policy but instead represent the total of several thousand independant and sometimes contradictory decisions. This article examines the main categories of Federal support of U.S. Business and analyses the different point of view of affected parties. The conflict of opinion and ensuing debate derives not only from ideological and electoral differences, but fundamentally from the current state of woridwide U.S. industrial competitiveness and its future.

Suggested Citation

  • Bertrand Bellon, 1984. "Conditions de la politique industrielle aux États-Unis," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(1), pages 26-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1984_num_30_1_2132 Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1984.2132
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