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Le déclin de l'industrie américaine

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  • Jorge Niosi

Abstract

[fre] L'article est divisé en trois parties. La première présente les principaux débats sur la question du déclin industriel américain. L'effort militaire américain, l'absence d'une politique industrielle d'ensemble et les coûts de la main d'oeuvre sont parmi les principaux facteurs qui expliquent le déclin industriel relatif des États-Unis. Ce déclin est mesuré en deuxième partie à travers différentes séries statistiques. La troisième partie analyse la réponse de l'État américain face à la perte de compétitivité de son industrie. Le protectionnisme non-tarifaire, les opérations de sauvetage et les mesures visant à résuire le coût de la main d'oeuvre ont été les principales réponses de l'État visant à contrecarrer le déclin industriel. [eng] This article is divided into three parts. The first presents the main debates on the American industrial decline. The author argues that the American military effort, the lack of any comprehensive industrial policy and high labor costs are among the principal factors explaining the relative industrial decline of the United States. This decline is measured in the second part of the article by means of several statistical series. The third part analyzes the response of the American government to the decreasing competitiviness of the country's industry. Non tarif protectionism, bailouts and several measures aiming at the reduction of labor costs have been the main response of the American State in order to counter the industrial decline.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Niosi, 1984. "Le déclin de l'industrie américaine," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(1), pages 9-25.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1984_num_30_1_2131
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1984.2131
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