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Les différentes formes de progrès technique et l'évolution économique - Quelques réflexions analytiques à partir de l'étude des industries chimiques

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

[fre] L'analyse du progrès technique doit être centrée sur le processus de changement au cours duquel l'entreprise ou l'économie acquièrent ce progrès technique. En outre, le progrès technique peut s'inscrire dans la structure productive existante ou, au contraire, l'altérer profondément. Les conséquences pour la croissance de la production et de l'emploi peuvent alors être très différentes, ce qui justifie une démarche inductive. L'étude particulière des industries chimiques sert de révélateur des formes actuelles de progrès technique et de l'instabilité de la croissance qui y est associée. Elle conduit à souligner la nécessité d'une véritable transition vers un nouveau régime de croissance, comme alternative aux phénomènes d'instabilité. Une telle transition exige du temps et des ressources ; elle suppose une intervention appropriée des Pouvoirs publics. [eng] An economic analysis of technical progress should basically aim at the process of change in which the single firm, or the economy as a whole absorb the technical novelty. Furthermore, technical progress may enter the existing productive structure, or on the contrary, chang it significantly. The consequences for the rate of growth, production and unemployment are accordingly very different. This calls in our opinion upon an inductive research needed to assume external consistency. The particular study of the Chemical industry seems with this respect to reveal the on-going forms of technical progress as well as growth instability to which they are associated. The above research indicate clearly the necessity to define what must be a transition towards new principies of growth that may alter this growth instability. Such a transition needs both time and ressources as much as a selective public policy.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 22 (1982)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 39-46

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1982_num_22_1_2070
Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1982.2070
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