IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Sonderweg et monde rural. Un essai de redéfinition de l'exception allemande

  • Edouard Husson
Registered author(s):

    [fre] Résumé . Ce qui caractérise l'Allemagne du début du XXe siècle, c'est la conjugaison entre une industrialisation accélérée elle est beaucoup plus lente en France) et le maintien d'une population active rurale relativement importante avant 1914 (quatre fois plus qu'en Grande-Bretagne). De ce point de vue, le Sonderweg, l'exception allemande, n'a pas relevé seulement de l'idéologie, il était le produit réel d'une politique imaginée par Bismarck et réalisée par le maintien d'un consensus conservateur et protectionniste. Or, la Première Guerre mondiale est venue rompre cet équilibre. Elle a définitivement ébranlé le pouvoir économique de la grande aristocratie foncière. La plupart des marchés à l'exportation ont été perdus durant les quatre ans du conflit. Le monde des petits et moyens propriétaires, en particulier en milieu protestant, s'est détaché de ses anciens « patrons », qui n'avaient pas été capables, durant la guerre, de défendre ses intérêts et qui se raccrochaient en vain, après la guerre, aux recettes de l'époque wilhelmienne : protectionnisme et solidarité de tous les ruraux. [eng] Abstract . Germany followed at the beginning of the 20fh century a specific path to modernity: it was characterized by the maintaining of a relatively important rural population in the middle of industrialization. The German exception, the so-called Sonderweg, was not only an ideological phenomenon; it was the result of a policy imagined by Bismarck and realized through a conservative and protectionist consensus. WW1 destroyed the balance of German society. The economic power of the land aristocracy was deeply shaken. Most of the export markets were lost during the conflict. The middle class of landowner ship, above all among Protestants, loosened the ties with their former protectors, who had not been able to defend their interests during the war and who cultivated after the war the illusion of maintaining the recipes of the Wilhelmina era: protectionism and solidarity in the rural world.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/hes.2006.2611
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2611/hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2611.pdf?mode=light
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 411-419

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2611
    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2006.2611
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/hes

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_3_2611. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.