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L'essence du mouvement de productivité : une étude à partir des sources américaines

  • Kinsaburo Sunaga
  • Emmanuel Dreyfus
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    [fre] Résumé Le mouvement de productivité démarra tardivement au Japon, avec la création, en 1955, du Centre Japonais de Productivité. Soutenu par l'International Cooperation Administration (ICA), le programme d'assistance technique eut des conséquences bénéfiques sur l'économie japonaise. En premier lieu, les hommes d'affaires japonais adoptèrent la production de masse, le marketing de masse et l'organisation décentralisée des affaires, sur le modèle américain. En second lieu, à la recherche des gains de productivité en construisant un style de management efficace associant pratiques traditionnelles et innovations venues d'Amérique. Enfin, ce mouvement de productivité ne se limita pas à la seule dimension technologique, mais consistait en une nouvelle attitude ouverte l'adoption de méthodes nouvelles de management. [eng] Abstract The Productivity Movement began late in Japan, with the creation in 1955 of the Japan Centre of Productivity. Sustained by the International Cooperation Administration (ICA), the Technical Aid Program had positive consequences on the economy of Japan. First the Japanese businessmen adopted mass production, mass marketing, and a decentralized organisation of business, after the American model. Secondly Japanese people adopted an increasing productivity by building an efficient style of management and mixing traditional practices and innovations borrowed from America. Finally this productivity movement was not limited to only a technological dimension but it was a new attitude, opened to new methods of management.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 261-279

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2006_num_25_2_2598
    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2006.2598
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