Les bourses en France au XIXe siècle, symboles d'un pouvoir commerçant ?
[eng] This paper deals with French stock exchanges and commodity markets in the 19th-century, and specifically with the buildings that house them. Who paid for these buildings ? Which other institutions did they also house ? Who decided on their ornaments and decoration ? How were they described in novels ? The Paris stock exchange (palais Brongniart) was a political monument as well as an economic one. The monumental "palais du commerce " built especially in Lyons, Marseilles and Paris during or after the Second Empire may be considered as representations of a new economic power. But the lack of common and specific symbols as well as the representation of markets as closed, mysterious places indicate that this image of a proud and powerful merchant community should not be overstated. [fre] L'article envisage les Bourses françaises du XIXe siècle en tant qu'édifices: le financement de leur construction, leur décoration, les services qu'elles abritent, leur image dans la littérature sont abordés. Le cas du palais Brongniart montre que ces éléments sont un enjeu non seulement pour les négociants, mais aussi pour la municipalité et l'État; si la construction de véritables «palais du commerce» à partir du Second Empire peut relever de l'affirmation symbolique d'un commerce prospère et considéré, il apparaît au final que les Bourses sont des édifices aussi politiques qu'économiques, souvent perçus comme fermés et mystérieux - tout le contraire du symbole d'un «pouvoir économique» autonome et conquérant.
Volume (Year): 25 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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