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Les nouvelles clôtures urbaines à l'âge industriel : l'encadrement religieux des jeunes ouvrières du textile dans l'agglomération lilloise à la fin du XIXe siècle


  • Thibault Tellier


[eng] In 1871 the "commune de Paris" insurrection souded as an alert for conservative forces. Working population religious surrounding seemed to be strengthen in front of the risk of turning then aride from religion and morals. In the factories, workrooms appeared as the best place to organize this new croisade. A few masters, catholic devotees as the Vrau's, are going to amplify, in the little urban district, with the help of holy ordres, word ans religious education for going girls factory workers as they were supposed to be particularly in contact with urban disastrous influences. Finaly, the question may be asked to know whether those pratices could be as new kind of religious enclosure or not? [fre] L'épisode de la Commune sonne comme un avertissement pour les forces conservatrices: il semble nécessaire d'accentuer l'encadrement des populations laborieuses au risque de les voir se détourner définitivement de la religion et de la morale. Dans cette optique, l'atelier va constituer un lieu de choix pour mener à bien cette nouvelle croisade. Dans la métropole lilloise, un certain nombre de patrons, au premier rang desquels les Vrau, vont développer, sous l'autorité d'ordres de religieuses parfois créés pour l'occasion, des œuvres d'encadrement, en direction essentiellement des jeunes ouvrières, considérées comme particulièrement perméables aux influences extérieures pernicieuses.

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  • Thibault Tellier, 2005. "Les nouvelles clôtures urbaines à l'âge industriel : l'encadrement religieux des jeunes ouvrières du textile dans l'agglomération lilloise à la fin du XIXe siècle," Histoire, économie & société, Programme National Persée, vol. 24(3), pages 421-431.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2005_num_24_3_2560 Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2005.2560

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