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Monde clos des cloîtres et société urbaine à l'époque moderne : les monastères d'ursulines dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux et la France du Nord

  • Philippe Annaert
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    [fre] Les monastères d'ursulines, protégés de leur clôture, forment de véritables microcosmes, où sœurs et élèves vivent dans une grande intimité et reproduisent les multiples facettes de la vie sociale. Enclos fermé au monde mais néanmoins largement ouvert aux influences de la ville qui l'entoure, le couvent-école de l'époque moderne constitue un modèle particulier de cellule humaine vivant à son propre rythme et selon des modalités d'organisation bien spécifiques, mais restant soumis à de multiples apports extérieurs. Son implantation au cœur de la cité implique pour la communauté qui l'habite, non une véritable fuite du monde et une autarcie d'existence - idéaux de la vie monastique -, mais une pleine participation à la société urbaine qui lui sert d'assise et assure son développement et sa subsistance. [eng] The monasteries of Ursulines, protected from their clausura, form true microcosms, where sisters and pupils live in a great intimacy and reproduce the multiple facets of the social life. Enclosure closed in the world but nevertheless largely opened with the influences of the city which surrounds it, the convent-school of the modern time constitutes a particular model of human cell living at its own rhythm and according to quite specific methods' of organization, but remaining subjected to multiple external contributions. Its establishment in the centre of the city implies for the community which lives it, not a true escape of the world and an autarky of existence - ideals of the monastic life -, but a full participation in the urban society which is its foundation and ensures its development and its subsistence.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 329-341

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2005_num_24_3_2553
    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2005.2553
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