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Les mutineries de 1797 dans la Navy

  • Olivier Chaline
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    [fre] Les grandes mutineries navales de 1797 furent la plus grande explosion de mécontentement connue dans la Royal Navy depuis 1653. Deux mutineries consécutives à Spithead furent suivies par une en mer affectant le North Sea Squadron et une autre à bord des navires stationnés à la Nore. L'immobilisation de la flotte (sauf en cas d'attaque française) fut la principale caractéristique. Il n'y eut rien de comparable avec l'effondrement révolutionnaire de la marine française en 1789-1790. Les marins n'étaient pas hostiles à la guerre contre la France et ne voulaient pas détruire la hiérarchie sociale. Ils aspiraient à de meilleures conditions de service. Les mutineries n'eurent pas de conséquences fâcheuses sur l'effort de guerre britannique. [eng] The great naval mutinies of 1797 were the largest outbreak of discontent in the Royal Navy since 1653. Two successive mutinies at Spithead were followed by two others, one at sea in the North Sea Squadron and one on board of the ships at the Nore. The immobilization of the fleet (except in cas of French attack) was the most significative feature.There was no comparison with the revolutionary collapse of the French Navy in 1789-1790. Seamen were not opposed to war against France and they didn' want to destroy the social hierarchy. They hoped better conditions of service. The mutinies had no disruptive consequences on the British war effort.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 51-61

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2005_num_24_1_2535
    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2005.2535
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