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Les interactions entre commerce et diplomatie au début du xvme siècle : l'exemple du traité de commerce franco-anglais de 1713

  • Éric Schnakenbourg
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    [fre] Parmi les divers traités signés à l'issue du congrès d'Utrecht, s'en trouve un, méconnu, qui prévoit un abaissement réciproque des droits de douane entre la France et l'Angleterre. Les points encore en suspens sont renvoyés à des conférences qui se tiennent à Londres en 1714. Les commissaires de Louis XIV adoptent en cette occasion une attitude très ambiguë, cherchant à faire échouer le traité tout en faisant mine de travailler à son achèvement. Finalement, les discussions ne mènent à rien et l'accord reste lettre morte. Ce destin singulier montre comment Louis XIV a su éviter à son royaume les conséquences d'un traité de commerce jugé inéquitable, alors même qu'il avait fait de sa conclusion un argument pour obtenir la paix en 1713. [eng] Among the various treaties signed at the Utrecht congress, one, dropping customs rights between France and England is misappreciated. The outstanding questions were sent to further talks to be held in London in 1714. On this occasion Louis XIV' s envoys adopted a very ambiguous behaviour attempting on the one hand to wreck the treaty, while on the other pretending to work for its achievement. Finally, the debates led to no result and the agreement was still not taken into account. That particular story shows us how Louis XIV managed to avoid the consequences of an unfair trade treaty though his conclusion was presented as one of his arguments to obtain peace in 1713.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 349-365

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2004_num_23_3_2429
    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2004.2429
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