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Les Indiens entre Sodome et les Scythes : un aspect de la perception morale des premiers Européens en Amérique

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  • Françoise Mari

Abstract

[eng] How did the conquistadores and their followers view the Indian civilizations when they came into contact with them ? Such is the aim pursued in this study based on several contemporary chronicles and tales. Two directive themes, which appear more frequently than others, have been given a privileged place : homosexuality and anthropophagy. What form did the latter take, what was their social and ritual role etc. ? Were they understood by Europeans as realities or through a magnifying vision ? How is one to read the sources and to interpret them in the light of historical and anthropological criticism ? Such is the issue raised here through carefully-read documents, which will require for a full investigation a systematic study of 16th Century writings. Thus one should reach the image Europeans held of a world different from theirs, as well as their need and their taste for a literature which was both terrifying and colourful. [fre] Comment ont été vues par les Conquistadores et ceux qui les ont suivis, les civilisations indiennes lorsqu'ils étaient mis en contact avec elles. Tel est l'objet de cette étude entreprise à partir de plusieurs relations et récits de l'époque. Pour conduire celle-ci deux thèmes qui apparaissent plus fréquemment que d'autres ont été privilégiés : l'homosexualité et l'anthropophagie. Quelles sont les formes de celles-ci, leur place sociale et rituelle etc. Comment ont-elles été perçues par les Européens : faits réels ou vision grossissante ? Comment lire les sources, les interpréter à la lumière de la critique historique et anthropologique ? Tel est à travers une documentation lue avec soin le problème posé qui demandera pour être vraiment traité une étude systématique de la production du XVIe siècle. Par elle on atteindra les images que les Européens se font d'un autre monde que le leur, leurs besoins et leurs goûts pour une littérature terrifiante et pittoresque.

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise Mari, 1986. "Les Indiens entre Sodome et les Scythes : un aspect de la perception morale des premiers Européens en Amérique," Histoire, économie & société, Programme National Persée, vol. 5(1), pages 3-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_1986_num_5_1_1413
    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.1986.1413
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