IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

De l’instantané au long métrage. L’enquête Cadre de Vie et Sécurité dans la série des données sur la victimation

  • Renée Zauberman
  • Philippe Robert
  • Sophie Névanen
  • Lisa Miceli
Registered author(s):

    [eng] Victimization surveys are most valuable if one can compile their data into the longest possible series. This goal is pursued by all countries that conduct such surveys. As an illustration, our article studies the linkage between the new “Living Environment and Security” Surveys (Cadre de Vie et Sécurité: CVS) and pre-existing nationwide victimization data in France, including from surveys by the Centre for Sociological Research on Law and Penal Institutions (Centre de Recherches Sociologiques sur le Droit et les Institutions Pénales: CESDIP) and by INSEE on “Household Living Conditions” (Enquête Permanente sur les Conditions de Vie des Ménages: EPCVM). The linkage is feasible despite several difficulties and a number of unresolved issues. The exercise confirms the continued decline in property crime. For personal crime, the figures show stagnation, at a modest level, in physical assault and a steep rise in verbal assault. We compared the victimization surveys with police statistics. These consist of series compiled by the Central Directorate for Criminal Investigations (Direction Centrale de la Police Judiciaire: DCPJ) from Gendarmerie and police reports on crimes and offences. The comparison shows a certain consistency— at least in trends— for property crime, but not for personal crime. In absolute-value terms, the police data, in our view, overestimate serious violence and underestimate milder violent crime. The divergence between the two sources is probably due to three factors: (1) the statistical effects of legislative changes that have broadened the scope of definition of assault and battery; (2) victims’ low propensity to report less violent offences; (3) the exclusion of the most benign offences— traffic fines— from the scope of police statistics. [fre] L’intérêt essentiel des enquêtes de victimation repose sur leur mise en série, la plus longue possible. C’est un objectif auquel s’astreignent tous les pays qui ont recours à ce genre d’enquêtes. Pour cette raison, on étudie ici le raccordement des nouvelles enquêtes Cadre de Vie et Sécurité (CVS) aux données nationales de victimation préexistantes en France, dont les enquêtes du Centre de recherches sociologiques sur le droit et les institutions pénales (Cesdip) et celles de l’Insee sur les conditions de vie des ménages dites EPCVM. . Ce raccordement s’avère possible, malgré plusieurs difficultés et un certain nombre de zones d’ombre. Il permet de confirmer la poursuite de la baisse des atteintes contre les biens. En ce qui concerne celles contre les personnes, l’exercice confirme la stagnation à un niveau modeste des agressions physiques et la vigoureuse envolée des agressions verbales. La comparaison des enquêtes de victimation avec les statistiques de la police, séries construites par la direction centrale de la Police judiciaire à partir des procès-verbaux dressés pour crimes et délits par la gendarmerie et la police, montre qu’il existe, au moins en tendance, une certaine cohérence à propos des atteintes aux biens, mais ce n’est pas le cas pour les atteintes aux personnes. Les données policières nous semblent surestimer en valeur absolue les violences sérieuses et sous-estimer celles de faible gravité. Cette divergence entre les deux sources tient probablement aux conséquences statistiques d’évolutions législatives qui ont élargi le périmètre du délit de coups et blessures volontaires, à la faible propension des victimes à informer la police (renvoi ou «reporting») des violences les moins graves, et enfin à l’exclusion des infractions les plus bénignes, les contraventions, du champ de la statistique policière.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.2009.8039
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/estat_0336-1454_2009_num_426_1_8039/estat_0336-1454_2009_num_426_1_8039.pdf?mode=light
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 426 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 3-28

    as
    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2009_num_426_1_8039
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2009.8039
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2009_num_426_1_8039. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.