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La France en 1916 bassins de vie

  • Philippe Julien
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    [fre] Afin de mieux analyser la structuration de l'espace rural en France métropolitaine, une nouvelle nomenclature spatiale, le zonage en bassins de vie, a été établie. Le bassin de vie d'un bourg ou d'une petite ville est le plus petit territoire sur lequel les habitants ont accès à l'emploi et aux équipements courants. Une fois les 1 745 bassins de vie des bourgs et petites villes dessinés, se révèlent 171 territoires, dénommés par analogie « bassins de vie des grandes agglomérations ». Les bassins de vie sont des territoires structurés autour de leurs pôles qui contribuent eux-mêmes à la structuration hiérarchique du pays et constituent un outil pour l'aménagement du territoire. [eng] France in 1,916 living basins. In order to improve analysis of the structuring of rural areas in mainland France, a new spatial nomenclature, a zonal classifi cation in terms of "living basins”, has been established. The living basin of a market town or small city is the smallest area which gives its inhabitants access to employment and everyday facilities. Having designated the 1,745 living basins linked to market towns and small cities, 171 territories emerge and are by analogy named •major agglomeration living basins”. Living basins are territories structured around their centres which themselves contribute to the hierarchical structuring of the country and constitute a town and country planning tool. [ger] Um die Struktur des ländlichen Raums in Kontinentalfrankreich besser analysieren zu können, wurde eine neue Raumnomenklatur "die Einteilung nach Lebensräumen "erstellt. Der Lebensraum einer kleinen Kommune oder einer Kleinstadt ist das kleinste Gebiet, in dem die Bewohner Zugang zur Beschäftigung und zu den gängigen Infrastrukturen haben. Nach Erstellung der Lebensräume der kleinen Kommunen und Kleinstädte erhält man 171 Gebiete, die analog als •Lebensräume der großen Agglomerationen“ bezeichnet werden. Lebensräume sind Gebiete, die um ihre Zentren strukturiert sind, welche selbst zur hierarchischen Strukturierung des Lands beitragen und ein Instrument für die Raumordnung darstellen. Einteilung Frankreichs in 1 916 Lebensräume [spa] Francia en 1916 cuencas de vida. A fin de analizar mejor la estructuración del espacio rural en Francia metropolitana, se ha establecido una nueva nomenclatura de espacio: la zonifi cación en cuencas de vida. La cuenca de vida de un pueblo o de una localidad pequeña es el territorio más reducido en el que los habitantes tienen acceso al empleo y a las instalaciones y servicios habituales. Una vez destacadas las 1 745 cuencas de vida de los pueblos y localidades pequeñas, aparecen 171 territorios denominados por analogía •cuencas de vida de las grandes aglomeraciones”. Las cuencas de vida son territorios estructurados alrededor de sus polos, los que contribuyen en sí a la estructuración jerárquica del país y constituyen una herramienta para la división del territorio.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.2007.7098
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/estat_0336-1454_2007_num_402_1_7098/estat_0336-1454_2007_num_402_1_7098.pdf?mode=light
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 402 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 25-39

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2007_num_402_1_7098
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2007.7098
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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