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Les métropoles régionales à la recherche de leurs points forts

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  • François Fontaine

Abstract

[fre] De Lille à Marseille et de Rennes à Strasbourg, les métropoles françaises font preuve d'une grande diversité régionale. Elles couvrent un dixième du territoire et concentrent, en moyenne, un quart de la population de leur région, mais sur des surfaces très variables. Elles ne se ressemblent ni par la densité de population ni par le poids des emplois qualifiés. Leurs activités souvent à l'image de leur région sont plus spécialement industrielles au Nord et à l'Est et plus tertiaires au Sud et à l'Ouest. . Les services qui optimisent les fonctions de production et d'échanges, désormais de plus en plus automatisées, constituent l'enjeu majeur du développement des métropoles. Toutes aspirent à concentrer sur leur sol des équipements avancés de communication, de recherche d'enseignement et de... loisirs qui multiplieront les opportunités d'emplois hautement qualifiés. Dans cette course à la qualification, les métropoles régionales sont loin d'être sur la même ligne. [eng] The Major Regional Cities What are their Strong Points? From Lille to Marseille and Rennes to Strasbourg, France's major cities show great regional diversity. They cover a tenth of the territory and, on the average, contain a quarter of their region's population, but with very varied areas. They are different both in terms of the density of their populations and the importance of their skilled employment. Their activities, which often mirror the regions they serve, are more industrial in the north and the east, and more tertiary in the south and the west. . The services which make the most of the functions of production and exchange, and are now becoming increasingly automated, constitute the major targets for the development of the hub cities. These cities are all trying to accumulate advanced communication, research, educational and leisure facilities which will provide more opportunities for highly-skilled jobs. In the race for skilled employment, the regional hub cities are far from being on the same starting line. [spa] Las metropolis régionales a la bùsqueda de sus "puntos fuertes" - De Lille a Marsella y de Rennes a Estrasburgo, las metropolis francesas dan muestras de una gran diversidad regional. Cubren un décimo del territorio y concentran, en promedio, a un cuarto de la población de su region, aunque en superficies muy variables. No se asemejan entre ellas ni por su densidad de población ni por el peso de los empleos calificados. . Sus actividades, que reflejan frecuentemente la imagen de la region, son más industriales en el Norte y en el Este y más orientadas hacia el sector terciario en el Sud y en el Oeste. Los servicios que optimizan las funciones de produccíon y de intercambio, cada vez más automatizadas, constituyen la apuesta más importante del desarrollo de las metropolis. Todas aspiran a concentrer en su jurisdicción equipos avanzados de communicación, de investigación, de ensenanza y de ... ocio, que multiplicarán las oportunidades de empleos altamente calificados. En esta carrera, cuya meta es la calificación, las metropolis regionales están aún lejos de hallarse en la nuisma posición.

Suggested Citation

  • François Fontaine, 1990. "Les métropoles régionales à la recherche de leurs points forts," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 230(1), pages 17-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1990_num_230_1_5427
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1990.5427
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