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L'année 1983 à travers les comptes nationaux

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  • Marc Beudaert

Abstract

[fre] Sous l'effet de la politique économique et de l'amélioration de l'environnement international, les déséquilibres qui avaient caractérisé l'année 1982 sont en partie résorbés en 1983. L'ajustement réalisé en 1983 n'a pas entraîné de récession ni d'accroissement important du chômage, malgré une baisse sensible de l'emploi, en raison des mesures prises pour contenir l'accroissement tendanciel des disponibilités en main-d'œuvre. Ces mesures semblent cependant avoir atteint leurs limites. Le déficit extérieur s'est sensiblement réduit, bien que les intérêts de la dette extérieure pèsent plus fortement sur les échanges avec le reste du monde, ce qui rend plus difficile le rééquilibrage des comptes courants. Le partage du revenu s'est déplacé en faveur des sociétés. La désinflation s'est poursuivie. Toutefois le net ralentissement des dépenses publiques n'a pas pu empêcher une légère augmentation du besoin de financement des administrations. Engagé, le rétablissement des équilibres n'est pas achevé. [eng] The year 1983 as seen through the national accounts - Under the effect of the economic policy'and the improvement of the international environment, the imbalances which had characterized the year 1982 were in part gradually reduced in 1983. The adjustments achieved in 1983 did not bring about a recession nor a significant increase of unemployment, despite a notable drop in employ, ment because of measures taken to contain the growing trend of labor availability. These measures seem, however, to have reached their limits. The foreign deficit was significantly reduced, although interest on the foreign debt weighed more heavily. This made the balancing of current accounts more difficult. The distribution of income shifted in favor of firms. Deflation continued. However, the net slow-down in public expenditures could not prevent a slight increase of the need for financing in administrations. Undertaken, the re-establishment of balance was not complete. [spa] El ano 1983 visto a traves de las cuentas nacionales - Bajo el efecto de la política económica y del mejoramientio del medio ambiente internacional los desequilibrios que caracterizaron el ano 1982 se superaron en parte en 1983. El ajuste realizado en 1983 no acarreó recesión ni incremento notable del desempleo a pesar de una rotunda merma del empleo a rafz de la medidas instauradas para contener el incremento tendencial de las disponibilidades de fuerza laboral. Dichas medidas, al parecer, llegaron a sus limites. El deficit exterior se redujo de manera sensible, aunque los intereses de la deuda exterior vayan pesando con mayor fuerza en los intercambios con el resto del mundo, lo cual plantea dificultades para el reequilibrio de las cuentas corrientes. El repartimiento del ingreso se desplazó a favor de las sociedades. La desinflación prosiguió. No obstante, la neta ralentización de los gastos públicos no pudo impedir un leve incremento de la necesidad de financiamiento de las administraciones. Si bien se inició, el restablecimiento de los equilibrios no ha terminado.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Beudaert, 1984. "L'année 1983 à travers les comptes nationaux," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 167(1), pages 61-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1984_num_167_1_4873
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1984.4873
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