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Les comptes de l'agriculture de l'année 1974

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    [spa] Las cuentas de la agricultura del año 1974 - Tras el año 1973, que se verificó un ano de considerable crecimiento respecto a producción, alza de precios, y resultado en bruto de las explotaciones agrícolas, el año 1974 se distinguió por un estancamiento en el volumen de la producción (+ 0,3 %) mayormente a consecuencia de las pésimas condiciones climáticas. El alza de precios fué moderada (un + 4,4 %) ya que queda vinculada con las condiciones que imperan en los mercados mundiales. A pesar del estancamiento de la producción, las exportaciones progresaron de manera indiscutible. La importancia de los excedentes comerciales se debe, en parte, al alza de las cotaciones mundiales. Mas el crecimiento de la demanda exterior en materia de productos alimenticios básicos es el elemento de interés para el futuro. El ingreso de los agricultores mermó durante el año 1974 : en un 9 % del ingreso por explotador entre 1973 y 1974. Ante todo, es la desviación entre evolución de los precios agrícolas al productor y la de los precios al consumo intermedio, los que explican la antecitada merma. [eng] Agricultural accounts of 1974 - After 1973, which proved a year of very strong growth in the field of production, farms gross results and rise in prices, 1974 distinguished itself by the stagnation of production's volume (+ 0,3 %) mainly due to infavourable climatic conditions. Rise in prices was moderate (+ 4,4 %) and remained linked with World market conditions. In spite of the dullness of production, exports improved appreciably. The amount of trade surplus is partly due to rise in World prices. The factor of interest is, with regard to future, the growth of foreign demand in the field of basic food products. Farmers income fell in 1974 : i.e. decrease of 9 %, in real value per farmer between 1973 and 1974. Such a decrease is explainable mainly on account of the existing gap between the evolution of producer agricultural prices and that of intermediate consumption. [fre] Après 1973, année de très forte croissance des productions, des prix et du résultat brut d'exploitation agricoles, l'année 1974 est marquée par une stagnation du volume de la production (+ 0,3 %) due principalement aux mauvaises conditions climatiques. La hausse des prix a été modérée (+ 4,4 %), elle reste très liée aux conditions des marchés mondiaux. Malgré la stagnation de la production, les exportations ont sensiblement progressé. L'importance des excédents commerciaux est due en partie à la hausse des cours mondiaux. Mais l'élément intéressant pour l'avenir est la croissance de la demande extérieure en produits alimentaires de base. Le revenu des agriculteurs a baissé en 1974 : diminution de 9 % du revenu en valeur réelle par exploitant entre 1973 et 1974. C'est surtout l'écart entre l'évolution des prix agricoles à la production et celle des prix des consommations intermédiaires (engrais, aliment pour bétail) qui explique cette baisse.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 68 (1975)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 71-82

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1975_num_68_1_1738
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1975.1738
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