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De nouvelles conditions de renouvellement de la population paysanne

Listed author(s):
  • Guénhaël Jégouzo
Registered author(s):

    [fre] Tantôt on déplore qu'il n'y ait plus de jeunes à rester à la campagne et tantôt on se félicite qu'il y ait de plus en plus de projets de retour à la terre. Pour connaître les véritables évolutions, une mise au point statistique était nécessaire. Quand on examine l'histoire des générations il apparaît qu'il y a de moins en moins d'entrées dans l'agriculture en début de vie active, de plus en plus de sorties hors de l'agriculture en cours de vie active, que les retours à la terre sont moins fréquents que par le passé. Les taux d'activité agricole sont devenus très bas dans les générations de l'après-guerre. Comme, par ailleurs, il y a depuis 1950 une chute considérable des naissances dans les familles agricoles, on en vient à s'interroger sur les risques de tarissement de la population paysanne française. En fait, c'est la petite et moyenne paysannerie qui est menacée d'effondrement à une échéance relativement proche. Devenus très peu nombreux les paysans français seront-ils plus instruits ? La réalité est que le choix de la profession agricole a été, au cours des années récentes, de plus en plus lié à l'échec scolaire. [spa] Tan pronto hay que lamentar que la juventud no permanezca en el campo, tan pronto hay que celebrar que hayan más y mis proyectos de regreso al terruño. Con objeto de conocer las auténticas evoluciones, era imprescindible llevar a cabo un enfoque estadistico. Al examinar la historia de las generaciones, parece que de día en día son mis escasas las altas en la agricultura al comenzar una vida activa y mis numerosas las bajas en el transcurso de la vida activa, y que los retornos al campo no son tan frecuentes como en tiempos pasados. Los coeficientes de actividad agricola resultan, hoy día, muy bajos entre les generaciones de la posguerra. Como por otra parte, desde el ano 1950, se verifica una merma de consideration respecto a natal idad entre familias campesinas, es factible temer un agotamiento del campesinado francés. De hecho, es el pequeno y el mediano campesinado el que amenaza agotarse en fecha relativamente prôxima. Ya que son hoy día más escasos los campesinos franceses ¿serán más intruídos? En realidad, el hecho de escoger la profesión agrícola ha estado, en el transcurso de los anos pasados, vinculado, más y más, con un fiasco escolar. [eng] At one time, there is every reason to regret that young people do not remain in the country; at another time there is good ground for being glad that more and more people intend going back to the country. In order to be aware of the proper evolutions, it became necessary to carry out a statistical focussing. When one examines generations' history, it appears that there are less and less entries into agriculture at the beginning of active life, more and more exits from agriculture and that returns to country-life are less frequent than they used to be. The rate of agricultural activity has dropped among postwar generations. As, in other respects, there is a considerable fall of births among peasantry, it is liable to wonder about the exhaustion of French population dependent on agriculture. In fact, small and medium French peasantry is in danger to collapse in a relatively near future. I Since French peasants are nowadays few in number, will they have more knowledge? As a matter of fact, choosing agriculture as a trade was, for the last few years, more and more bound with school failure.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.1974.1684
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/estat_0336-1454_1974_num_61_1_1684
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 61 (1974)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 21-28

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1974_num_61_1_1684
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1974.1684
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/estat

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