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Rendement économique et productivité du capital fixe de 1959 à 1972

Listed author(s):
  • Michel Bénard
Registered author(s):

    [spa] El rendimiento económico del capital fijo es la relación entre el beneficio anual bruto y el capital fijo inmovilizado. Depende de la partición del valor anadido entre salarios y beneficio, y de la productividad aparente del capital, o sea del valor anadido por franco de capital fijo. Mas esta distribuciôn no es suficiente para poder analizar la evolución de dicho rendimiento económico. En efecto, las empresas pueden subir sus precios de venta en conformidad con los precios de los bienes de equipo utilizados y, siendo todo igual, eso puede incrementar la tasa de beneficio. El presente articulo propone, por lo tanto, para estudiar el desarrollo de ese rendimiento económico distribuirlo en très componentes : porción del beneficio en valor anadido, productividad aparente del capital en volumen, y precios relativos del valor anadido bruto con relacion a los precios de bienes de equipo. Dicha distribuciôn se utiliza con objeto de explicar el desarrollo del rendimiento económico del conjunto de las ramas entre los anos 1959 y 1972 : el antecitado rendimiento alcanzó su tope en 1969. Es factible realizar una equiparación entre nueve grandes sectores económicos y demos- trar que las influencias de los tres componentes se compensan en parte y tienden a cotejar las rentabilidades sectoriales. [fre] Le rendement économique du capital fixe est le rapport entre le profit annuel brut et le capital fixe immobilisé. Il dépend du partage de la valeur ajoutée entre salaires et profit, et de la productivité apparente du capital, c'est-à-dire de la valeur ajoutée par francs de capital fixe. Mais cette décomposition ne suffit pas tout à fait pour analyser l'évolution de ce rendement économique. En effet, les entreprises peuvent augmenter leurs prix de vente par rapport aux prix des biens d'équipement qu'elles utilisent, et, toutes choses égales d'ailleurs, ceci peut augmenter le taux de profit. Cet article propose donc, pour étudier l'évolution de ce rendement économique, de le décomposer en trois composantes : part du profit dans la valeur ajoutée, productivité apparente du capital en volume, et prix relatifs de la valeur ajoutée brute par rapport à ceux des biens d'équipement. Cette décomposition est utilisée pour expliquer l'évolution du rendement économique de l'ensemble des branches entre 1959 et 1972 : celui-ci est passé par un maximum en 1969. Puis une comparaison entre neuf grands secteurs de l'économie est possible, montrant que les effets des trois composantes se compensent en partie et tendent à rapprocher les rentabilités sectorielles. [eng] Economic yield of fixed capital is the relation between gross annual profit and permanent fixed capital. It depends on the sharing of value added between wages and profit, and on the apparent capital productivity, that is of value added per franc of fixed capital. But this breaking up is not quite sufficient for the analysis of the evolution of this economic yield. In fact, firms may increase their selling prices with regard to prices of capital equipment used, and other things being equal, this is liable to increase profit rates. This article proposes accordingly, in order to study the evolution of this economic yield, to break it up into three components : profit portion in value added, apparent productivity of capital in volume, and relative prices of gross value added in relation to capital equipment prices. This breaking up is used as an explanation of the whole of the branches economic yield between 19S9 and 1972 ; the above-mentioned evolution reached its maximum in 1969. A comparison between nine great economic sectors becomes then possible, showing that the effects of the three components compensate each other partly and lead to bring together sectorial profitabilities.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.1974.1668
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/estat_0336-1454_1974_num_60_1_1668
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 60 (1974)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 7-15

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1974_num_60_1_1668
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1974.1668
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/estat

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