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Impacts de différents instruments de politique agricole en termes de surplus domestique et de relations commerciales

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  • Vincent Richard

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[fre] Impacts de différents instruments de politique agricole en termes de surplus domestique et de relations commerciales par Vincent Richard Dans le cadre des débats récents sur la prochaine réforme de la PAC et dans la perspective du prochain cycle de négociations commerciales multilatérales, les théories de l'économie du bien-être permettent d'apporter un éclairage sur les enjeux des choix de politiques agricoles en termes de gains de bien-être pour l'ensemble de l'Union européenne. Les conclusions que l'analyse de différentes politiques sous l'angle de l'économie du bien-être permettent de tirer concernent également les relations commerciales. Il apparaît alors qu'en équilibre partiel sur le secteur agricole, et selon le critère de surplus collectif domestique (somme des gains et des pertes pour les producteurs, les consommateurs et les finances publiques), une économie a intérêt à une suppression multilatérale de toutes les politiques distordant les choix de production et de consommation internes et les échanges commerciaux. Cette voie ne remet pas en cause le respect des objectifs de politique agricole tels ceux assignés à la PAC. Elle permet au contraire de les atteindre au moindre coût, contrairement aux politiques de soutien des prix, assortie ou non de contingentement de l'offre. [eng] The impacts of different agricultural policy instruments on domestic surplus and trade relations by Vincent Richard Welfare economics explain some of the implications of agricultural policy choices on welfare gains for the European Union in the light of recent debates on the coming CAP reform and the coming round of multilateral trade talks. The findings of the welfare economics analysis of different policies also concern trade relations. It is found that an economy in partial equilibrium in terms of its agricultural sector, using the domestic collective surplus criterion (sum of gains and losses for producers, consumers and public finances), would find it worthwhile to multilaterally withdraw all the policies that distort its domestic production and consumption choices and trade. This path does not challenge compliance with agricultural policy targets such as the CAP objectives. It actually helps to attain them at less cost, unlike price support policies, irrespective of whether they are combined with supply quotas.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Richard, 1999. "Impacts de différents instruments de politique agricole en termes de surplus domestique et de relations commerciales," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 137(1), pages 109-116.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1999_num_137_1_5951 Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1999.5951
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    References listed on IDEAS

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