Development of regional disparities in Slovakia at the beginning of 21st century based on the selected indicators
At the basis of analysis of selected socio-economical indicators at the regional level in Slovakia, we pointed out on a diff erentiated development in particular regions. Regional disparities among the regions in Slovakia deepen continually. It was confi rmed by the calculated constants ? Gini coeffi - cient IG a variable coeffi cient VK. Th e development of those economical indicators was mirrored also in the socio-economical sphere in the relatively large disparities in the unemployment rate and the number of completed apartments per 1000 inhabitants. Th e only economical indicator showing the leveling of regional disparities is the one of the number of priváte entrepreneurs in business under trade act per 1000 inhabitants. From the regional point of view its position is the worst in Prešov region. It indicates the lowest values in most of the indicators furthermore its position is either stagnating or even getting worse. Th e Prešov region is a permanent leader in the gross birth rate, however its overall position weakens as it is the most loosing region in migration. (Matlovic, 2003) From this point of view it is regarded to be the source of labour force for the other regions. Th ere are several reasons of Prešov region leeway, as well as, the leeway of whole eastern Slovakia together with Banská Bystrica region. Th ey are directly related to the eccentric position of the mentioned region, its weak availability and unfi nished infrastructure (especially the highway), its high concentration of inhabitants with low socio-economical status, its neighborhood with cross-boundary regions having similar problems and primarily it is caused also by its improper regional politics, which causes that the localization of foreign investments into the economically most developed regions does not equalize the disparities, but rather creates the conditions for their capital deepening (translated by Barbora Némethyová).
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Volume (Year): 2008 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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