Vztah úrovně vzdělání obyvatel měst a jejich populační velikosti
The paper is aimed at relationship between educational structure and population of towns in the Czech Republic, where population gradually concentrates in big towns or their close neighborhood. So the hierarchy town system is created and the capital Prague is a dominant centre with national importance. Process of town hierarchy is possible to demonstrate using Zipf method (Rank Size Rule) in countries with one dominant centre: Pn=P1/n, where P1 ? population of the biggest town, n ? sequence of the town and Pn ? population of the n-th town. Author applied the Zipf method for towns of the CR and their educational structure, she examined availability of correlation: bigger town ? more inhabitants with tertiary education and less inhabitants with basic education. In the collection of 261 towns with population more than 5.000 inhabitants the author found largely dependence between population of the town and its educational structure. There are also other factors which infl uence educational structure of towns: position toward the more important towns, educational tradition or economic activities developed above all in the 2nd half of 20th century etc. In the second part of the paper the author aimed at the towns with population more than 50.000 inhabitants (collection of 22 towns under census 2001). In detailed examination of the relationship between educational structure and population of these towns she certifi ed certain relationship but not absolutely. Th ere are some exceptions, e.g. Ostrava ? town on the third position under population but on the 12th position under rate of tertiary educated inhabitants. Finally it is necessary to say that low achieved education degree of population is also generation problem in the CR. Accession to education had been changed aft er 1989. Young people understand the importance of education and make prompt eff orts to achieve tertiary education. Assessment of changes in the educational structure of the towns will be possible on the base of the relevant data aft er the CR population census in 2011.
Volume (Year): 2007 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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