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Postkeynesovské pojetí nezávislosti centrální banky a fungování komerčních bank
[Post-keynesian approach to independence of central bank and function of commercial banks]


  • Zdeněk Chytil


The post-Keynesian approach to the nature of money brings some other conclusion to the monetary policy, independence of a central bank and function of commercial banks. The source money is created by demand of businessmen especially. Loans create deposits, deposits create reserves. Central bank plays two roles: lender of last resort and inflation supervisor. Creditting by commercial banks and their credit policy in post-Keynesian economics is considered as credit rationing. If the role of central bank - lender of last resort - is not connected with changes of regulation, which reduce new practice of financial markets to avoid regulation, the influence of central bank to fight with inflation declines. Post-Keynesian economics is not directed against competence and independence of central bank. On the contrary, it welcomes the more direct influence of central bank on commercial banks and other financial institutions, however, with use of alternative limiting facilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Zdeněk Chytil, 2003. "Postkeynesovské pojetí nezávislosti centrální banky a fungování komerčních bank
    [Post-keynesian approach to independence of central bank and function of commercial banks]
    ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2003(5).
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2003:y:2003:i:5:id:423

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Claudia Goldin, 2004. "The Long Road to the Fast Track: Career and Family," NBER Working Papers 10331, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Claudia Goldin, 2006. "The Quiet Revolution That Transformed Women's Employment, Education, and Family," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 1-21, May.
    3. Balcar Jiří & Filipová Lenka & Machová Zuzana, 2012. "Gender Wage Gap in the Czech Republic: First Descriptive Analysis Based on Survey 2011," Review of Economic Perspectives, De Gruyter Open, vol. 12(3), pages 151-167, October.
    4. Luisa Escriche, 2007. "Persistence of Occupational Segregation: the Role of the Intergenerational Transmission of Preferences," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(520), pages 837-857, April.
    5. Goldin, Claudia, 2006. "The Quiet Revolution That Transformed Women’s Employment, Education, and Family," Scholarly Articles 2943933, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    6. Luisa Escriche & Gonzalo Olcina & Rosario Sánchez, 2004. "Gender discrimination and intergenerational transmission of preferences," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(3), pages 485-511, July.
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    More about this item


    central bank; money supply; Post-Keynesian economics; money endogeneity; credit rationing; independence of central bank; commercial banks;

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies


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