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Politicko-ekonomické důsledky chybného pojetí monopolu
[Political/economic consequences of mistaken concept of monopoly]


  • Jiří Kinkor


It is generally established that the concept of monopoly refers to an existence of a single company operating on the relevant market. This interpretation, though commonly accepted and echoed by all textbooks, is incorrect. The fact of being a single supplier is not essential in forming the concept of monopoly. The essential feature of monopoly is not the fact of a single company as such but the fact of the government physical force (i.e. law) mandating the privilege of exclusivity and keeping potential competitors out of an industry. But the defect in traditional conception of monopoly had to wait - until economists invented the theory of perfect competition - before it could lead to the routine attacks against the very nature of business through the government anti-trust legislation. The concept of monopoly must be redefined and reconstructed and the vitally important distinction between economic power of business and political power of government must be recognized.

Suggested Citation

  • Jiří Kinkor, 2003. "Politicko-ekonomické důsledky chybného pojetí monopolu
    [Political/economic consequences of mistaken concept of monopoly]
    ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2003(3).
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2003:y:2003:i:3:id:411

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Oughton, Christine & Landabaso, Mikel & Morgan, Kevin, 2002. "The Regional Innovation Paradox: Innovation Policy and Industrial Policy," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 97-110, January.
    2. Philip Cooke & Loet Leydesdorff, 2006. "Regional Development in the Knowledge-Based Economy: The Construction of Advantage," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 5-15, January.
    3. Francesco Grillo & Mikel Landabaso, 2011. "Merits, problems and paradoxes of regional innovation policies," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 26(6-7), pages 544-561, September.
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    More about this item


    monopoly; perfect competition; antitrust policy;

    JEL classification:

    • D41 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Perfect Competition
    • D42 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Monopoly
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General


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