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Spor o metodu mezi Rakouskou ekonomickou školou a Německou historickou školou jako nejvýznamnější metodologický spor v dějinách ekonomie
[Battle of methods between the Austrian school of economics and the German historical school as the most important methodological dispute in history of economics]

Author

Listed:
  • Marek Loužek

Abstract

The presented article is concerned with the Methodenstreit between the Austrian School of Economics and the German Historical School in 19th century. The Methodenstreit between the Austrians and Germans is considered the most important methodological dispute in economics. Three main topics of the argument are distinguished: a) dispute concerning a role of induction and deduction in economics, b) dispute about exact or empirical laws in economics and c) dispute about application of methodological individualism or methodological collectivism in economics and other social sciences. The solution of above-mentioned problems is presented by three participants of the Methodenstreit: a) by the most significance representative of the older German Historical School - Wilhelm Roscher, b) by the founder of Austrian School of Economics - Carl Menger and c) by the leader of the younger German Historical School - Gustav Schmoller. The point of departure of this article is methodological pluralism.

Suggested Citation

  • Marek Loužek, 1999. "Spor o metodu mezi Rakouskou ekonomickou školou a Německou historickou školou jako nejvýznamnější metodologický spor v dějinách ekonomie
    [Battle of methods between the Austrian school of economics
    ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 1999(4).
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:1999:y:1999:i:4:id:59
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Demsetz, Harold, 1993. "George J. Stigler: Midcentury Neoclassicalist with a Passion to Quantify," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(5), pages 793-808, October.
    2. McCann, C R, Jr & Perlman, Mark, 1993. "On Thinking about George Stigler," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(419), pages 994-1014, July.
    3. Wesley J. Yordon, 1992. "Stigler's Adaptable and Indivisible Plant and the Micro/Macro Schism," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 24(2), pages 455-470, Summer.
    4. Peltzman, Sam, 1993. "George Stigler's Contribution to the Economic Analysis of Regulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(5), pages 818-832, October.
    5. Sowell, Thomas, 1993. "A Student's Eye View of George Stigler," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(5), pages 784-792, October.
    6. Rosen, Sherwin, 1993. "George J. Stigler and the Industrial Organization of Economic Thought," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(5), pages 809-817, October.
    7. Stigler, George J., 1983. "The Organization of Industry," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 0, number 9780226774329.
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