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Czech Economy: First Year after the EU Entry


  • Kamil Janáček
  • Eva Zamrazilová


In 2004, the Czech economy continued in solid growth. Slight acceleration of economic growth was driven in particular by strong investment demand and improving performance of the foreign trade with goods. On the other hand, due to slowdown in real wages, consumer demand weakened. 2004 was the year of turnover in foreign trade which has reported the best results since 1994. The EU entry was an important factor behind the improvement of trade balance - the foreign trade exchange significantly accelerated after the EU accession. The EU entry opened new chances to the exporters, especially small and medium-sized companies could fully use the advantage of the Single Market. With the trade balance improving, the reason for permanently high current account deficit is the growing deficit of income balance as a consequence of strong FDI inflow. January and May changes in the Value Added Tax brought a temporary speed-up of consumer prices. After the absorption of this increase, since the last quarter of 2004, headline inflation has been declining. Similar to previous years, inflation fell under the CNB target corridor. Record high world prices of oil and metals caused a strong increase of industrial producer prices, however, strong competition between both producers and traders has prevented the spillover to consumer prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Kamil Janáček & Eva Zamrazilová, 2005. "Czech Economy: First Year after the EU Entry," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2005(3), pages 195-220.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2005:y:2005:i:3:id:262:p:195-220

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    More about this item


    economic growth; labour market; foreign trade; external balance; consumer and producer prices;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe


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