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Abertura comercial, capital humano e crescimento econômico no Brasil


  • Gilberto Joaquim Fraga
  • Carlos José Caetano Bacha


Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar a relação entre capital humano dos indivíduos empregados, abertura comercial e crescimento econômico dos estados brasileiros no período de 1995 a 2006. Por meio do procedimento de dados em painel dinâmico, estimaram-se dois modelos teóricos: o de Solow estendido e outro, com progresso tecnológico endógeno. Os resultados indicam que um aumento no nível de abertura comercial de 1%, em média, aumenta a taxa de crescimento do Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) per capita dos estados brasileiros entre 0,09 e 0,13 ponto percentual (p.p.). Já um aumento de um ano no nível médio da escolaridade dos trabalhadores gera aumento entre 0,06 p.p. e 0,07 p.p. na taxa de crescimento do PIB per capita desses estados. Trade openness, human capital and economic growth in Brazil :: This paper aims to analyze the relationship among human capital of employed labor force, trade openness and economic growth of the Brazilian states. Using a dynamic panel procedure, two theoretical models were estimated: one is the extended Solow model and the other model has endogenous technological progress. The results indicate that 1% – increased level of trade openness increases, on average, the GDP – per capita growth rate between 0.09 to 0.13 percentage points. Already an increase of 1 year in the average level of workers’ schooling leads to an increase of 0.06 pp thru 0.07 pp in this GDP per capita growth rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilberto Joaquim Fraga & Carlos José Caetano Bacha, 2013. "Abertura comercial, capital humano e crescimento econômico no Brasil," Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico - PPE, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, vol. 43(2), pages 381-418, ago..
  • Handle: RePEc:ppe:ppeart:y:2013:v:43:i:2:p:381-418

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