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Diferencial de salários e determinantes na escolha de trabalho entre os setores público e privado no Brasil

Listed author(s):
  • Ana Luiza Neves de Holanda Barbosa
  • Fernando de Holanda Barbosa Filho
  • João Ricardo Ferreira de Lima

Este artigo investiga o diferencial de salários entre os trabalhadores dos setores público e privado no Brasil. A análise tem como base os microdados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD) de 2009, do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). A principal contribuição deste estudo é a adoção de uma metodologia de estimação que corrige o viés de seleção existente na escolha dos trabalhadores e, simultaneamente, utiliza o desenho amostral complexo da PNAD. O método permite a identificação de fatores determinantes na entrada do trabalhador no setor público, no setor privado ou se o mesmo não participa do mercado de trabalho em questão. O diferencial salarial público-privado ainda é calculado por gênero, uma vez que a oferta de trabalho é bastante distinta entre homens e mulheres no Brasil. Os resultados deste trabalho demonstram que os salários do setor público são mais altos do que aqueles do setor privado. Em particular, o nível educacional dos trabalhadores é um importante determinante deste diferencial de salários. Public-private wage gap and determinants of sectoral employment choice :: This study investigates the wage gap between the public and private sectors in Brazil. The analysis is carried out with 2009 microdata from the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD). The main contribution of this study is an estimation method that corrects the selection bias in the choice of the employment sector and takes into account the PNAD complex sample design. This model allows for the identification of some of the factors that determine whether the individual participates in the labor market, and whether he enters the public sector or the private sector. The public-private wage gap is calculated by gender as labor supply varies significantly between women and men. The results show that public sector wages are higher than those in the private sector. In particular, educational level is an important factor that explains this wage gap.

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Article provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada in its journal Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico.

Volume (Year): 43 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 (abr.)
Pages: 89-118

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Handle: RePEc:ppe:ppeart:y:2013:v:43:i:1:p:89-118
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