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Impactos das mudanças climáticas sobre o bem-estar relacionado à saúde no Brasil

Listed author(s):
  • Elvanio Costa de Souza
  • Alexandre Bragança Coelho
  • João Eustáquio de Lima
  • Dênis Antônio da Cunha
  • José Gustavo Féres

Este estudo tem por objetivo avaliar o impacto das mudanças climáticas sobre o bem-estar relacionado à saúde no Brasil, por meio de equações estimadas para dados em painel e de projeções climáticas. Os resultados indicam que as mudanças climáticas afetam principalmente a mortalidade de crianças e mulheres. A análise procurou também incorporar aos custos de bem-estar o gasto decorrente do consumo adicional de energia para manutenção do conforto térmico e da redução de riscos à saúde. O aumento do consumo residencial anual de energia com as mudanças climáticas foi estimado em aproximadamente 6%. Os resultados sugerem que a perda de bem-estar relacionada à saúde poderá chegar a 4,7% do Produto Interno Bruto (PIB). Climate change impacts on health-related welfare in Brazil :: This study aimed at assessing the health-related welfare impacts of climate change in Brazil. By analyzing a panel of Brazilian municipalities, we found that climate change affects mostly children and women mortality rates. Welfare cost estimates also incorporate additional energy-related expenditures aimed to maintain thermal comfort and to preserve individuals’ health. Adaptation to new climate conditions may increase annual residential energy consumption by around 6%. Our results suggest that health-related welfare impacts could reach 4.7% of Brazilian GDP.

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Article provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada in its journal Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico.

Volume (Year): 43 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 (abr.)
Pages: 49-88

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Handle: RePEc:ppe:ppeart:y:2013:v:43:i:1:p:49-88
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