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Atypical Electoral Systems


  • Csaba CSERVAK

    (Associate professor, Dr. habil of University of Karoli Gaspar, Faculty of Law Budapest, HUNGARY.)


Around the world we can face with a big diversity in the voting systems. Within certain limits governments have the right to determine how many votes a single citizen is allowed to cast, and how. Therefore we can also find majority-, proportional- and preferential electoral systems even only in Europe. Single- and multiple-vote systems are neither unfamiliar. While the vote-transfer system is currently employed in Malta and Ireland, until present Germany has applied the personalized PR-system. The electoral system in Hungary has changed over time. According to Act XXXIV of 1989, until 2010, the electoral system was an archetype of mixed voting systems: in it, it is possible to gain a mandate both in a single district and through party lists. The Parliament operates with 386 representatives. In 2010 the system was changed under the Act CCIII of 2011. It is still a mixed system, but there are only 199 mandates can be won: 106 in relative majority single constituencies and 93 on a national list. Since it provides compensation after the votes cast in single districts, it is also, essentially, a compensational system.

Suggested Citation

  • Csaba CSERVAK, 2017. "Atypical Electoral Systems," Curentul Juridic, The Juridical Current, Le Courant Juridique, Petru Maior University, Faculty of Economics Law and Administrative Sciences and Pro Iure Foundation, vol. 68, pages 59-71, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pmu:cjurid:v:68:y:2017:p:59-71

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    majority voting; (preferential system) premium list; vote-transfer; personalized PR-system (in Germany); Hungarian electoral model.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior


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