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The Level Of Certainty: Evidence And Reasons For Decisions In Human Trafficking Crimes


  • Elek BALÁZS

    (Judge – Debrecen High Court of Appeal. Assistant professor, Debrecen University, Faculty of Law, HUNGARY)


In the course of criminal proceedings, all means of evidence specified by law and all evidentiary procedures may be used without restriction in Hungary. However there are two general features in the area of evidence in Human Trafficing crimes. There is a shortage of evidence, and there is no perfect evidence that is to be accepted unconditionally. Trafficing means much more than the organised movement of persons for profit, and we must distinguish trafficing from migrant smuggling. In the criminal procedure this cause difficulties in the demonstration. The criminal procedure can be interpreted as a procedure from evidence minimum to evidence maximum. Means of evidence are the testimony of the witness –who may be the victim of the crime-, the expert opinion, physical evidence, documents and pleadings of the defendant. Evidence provided through international or Europen Union legal aid also can be used as evidence. The evidence obtained in legal cooperation with the Europen Union is often only indirect pieces of evidence. Alone these evidence are not necessarily conclusive, but can be a cruical link between other evidence to create a whole. We also must deal with the question of secret evidence, and the opportunity of video and telephone conference in the criminal cases of human trafficing. Finally in a human trafficing case, several problems of international legal aid and assistance emerged, so it is worthy to conclude the moral of this criminal investigation and procedure.

Suggested Citation

  • Elek BALÁZS, 2011. "The Level Of Certainty: Evidence And Reasons For Decisions In Human Trafficking Crimes," Curentul Juridic, The Juridical Current, Le Courant Juridique, Petru Maior University, Faculty of Economics Law and Administrative Sciences and Pro Iure Foundation, vol. 44, pages 92-105, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pmu:cjurid:v:44:y:2011:p:92-105

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    evidence; criminal procedure; secret evidence; Human Trafficing; means of evidence;

    JEL classification:

    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General


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